KITAB AL WAHEE

SAHIH AL BUKHARI, KITAB UL WAHI, KITAB NO: 1

BAAB: RASOOLALLAH ﷺ PAR WAHEE KAISE SHURU HUI?

۝ Hazrat Umar bin Khattab r.a. ne Rasool ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм se suna, Rasool ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм farma rahe the ki tamaam aamaal ka daar o madar Niyat par hai aur har amal ka natija har insan ko us ki niyat ke mutabiq hi milega, pas jis ki hijrat (tark e watan) daulat duniya hasil karne ke liye ho ya kisi aurat se Nikah ki garz ho, pas us ki Hijrat un hi cheezon ke liye hogi jin ko hasil karne ki niyat se usne hijrt ki hai .

Sahih al-Bukhari, 1
Vol. 1, Book 1 , Hadith 1.

۝ Hazrat Ayesha r.a. ne farmaya ki ek aadmi Haris bin Hisham naami ne aa Hazrat Rasool ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм se sawal kiya tha ki Huzoor Aap par wahi kaise nazil hoti hai ? Rasool ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ne farmaya ki wahi nazil hote waqt kabhi mujh ko ghanti ki si aawaz mehsoos hoti hai aur wahi ki ye kaifiyat mujh par bahut saaq (taklif ) guzarti hai, jab ye kaifiyat khatm hoti hai to mere dil o dimaag par (us farishte) ke zariye nazil shuda wahi mahfuz ho jati hai aur kisi waqt aisa hota hai ki farishta bhi saql insan mere paas aata hai aur mujh se kalam karta hai, pas mai uska kaha hua yaad rakh leta hun. Hazrat Ayesha r.a. ka bayan hai ki Mai ne sakht sardi mein Rasool ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ko dekha hai ki Aap ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм par wahi nazil hoti aur jab us ka silsila khatam hota to Aap ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ki peshani pasine se sharaabor thi .

Sahih al-Bukhari, 2
Vol. 1, Book 1 , Hadith 2.

۝ Hazrat Ayesha r.a. ne bataya Aa Hazrat ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм par wahi ka ibtedaai daur acche sachhe paakiza khawabon se shuru hua, Aap khawab mein jo kuch dekhte woh subha ki roshni ki tarah sahih aur sachha sabit hota. Fir min janib qudrat Aap tanhaai pasand ho gaye aur Aap ne Gaar e Hira mein Tanhai ikhtiyar farmate aur kai kai din aur raat wahaa musalsal Ibadat aur yaad e Elahi zikr o fikr mai mashgul rahte, jab tak ghar aane ko dil na chahta, Aap apne saath safar ka khana liye huye waha rahte, Khana khatam hone par hi ahliya Hazrat Khadija radi allah anha ke paas tashreef latey aur kuch Khana saath lekar fir wahaan jaate. Yahi Tariqa jari raha yaha tak ki Aap par Haq nazil ho gaya aur Aap Gaar e Hira hi me the ki achank Hazrat Jibril alaih salam Aap ke paas haazir hue aur kahne lage ki Aye Muhammad! Padho! Aap farmate hai ki maine kahaa ki mai padhna nahi janta. Aap farmate hai ki farishte ne mujhe pakad kar itne zor se dabaya ki meri taqat jawab de gai. Fir mujhe chhod kar kaha ki Padho!. Maine fir wahi jawab diya ki mai padha huaa nahi hu. Us Farishte ne mujhe nihayt hi zor se pakda ki mujhko sakht takleef mehsus hui, Fir usne kahaa ki padho! Maine kaha ki mai padha hua nahi hu. Farishte ne teesri baar mujh ko pakda aur teesri martaba fir mujh ko dabaya fir mujhe chhod diya aur kahne laga ki ‘Padho apne Rab ke naam se jis ne paida kiya aur insan ko khoon ki lothde se banaya, Padho aur Aap ka Rab bohut hi maherban hai.’ Pas yahi aayaten Aap Hazrat Jibril alaih salam se sun kar is haal mai Gaar se wapis huye ke Aap ka dil us anokhe waqye se zor se dhadak raha tha . Aap Hazrat Khadija ke yaha tashrif laye aur farmaya ki mujhe kambal udhaa do, mujhe kambal udhaa do. Logo ne Aap ko kambal udhaa diya jab Aap ka dar jata raha to Aap ne apni biwi Hazrat Khadija radi allahu anha ko tafsil ke saath ye waqya sunaya aur farmane lage ki mujh ko ab apni jaan ka khaof ho gaya hai. Aapki biwi Hazrat Khadija radi allahu anha ne Aap se kaha ki Aap ka khayal sahih nahi hai, Khuda ki qasam Aap ko Allah kabhi ruswa nahi karega. Aap rishtedaro se sila-rahmi karte hai, Bekaso ka bojh uthate hai, Muflison ki madad karte hai, Aap dil khol kar mahmaan nawazi karte hai aur Mushkil ke waqt me Aap zaruratmando ka saath dete hai. Fir Khadija radi allahu ne Rasool ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ko Waraqa bin Naufal ke paas le gai, jo un ke chacha zaad bhai the aur zamana e jahiliyat mai Nasrani mazhab ikhtiyar kar chuke the aur Ibraani zuban ke khaatib the, chunanche Injil ko bhi hasb e manshaa e khuda wandi Ibraani zuban me likha karte the (Enjil siryani zuban mai nazil hui thi fir us ka tarjumaa Ibraani zuban mai huaa Waraqa is hi ko likha karte the) . Woh bahut budhe ho gaye the yahaa tak ki un ki binaaiii bhi rukhsat ho chuki thi. Hazrat Khadija radi allahu anha ne un ke samne Aap ke halat bayan kiye aur kahaa ki aye chacha zaad bhai ! Apne bhatije (Muhammad) ki zubani zaraa unki kifiyat sun lijiye, chunche Aap ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ne az awwal ta aakhir pura waqiya sunaya, jise sun kar Waraqa be ikhtiyar ho kar bol uthe ki ye to wahee naamus (muaz’zaz raazdaan farishta) hai jise Allah ne Hazrat Musa alaihis salam par wahee de kar bheja tha. Kaash! Mai Aap ke us ahad Nabuwat ke shuru hone par jawan umar hota, kaash mai us waqt tak zinda rahta jab ki Aap ki Qaum Aap ko us shaher se nikal degi. Rasool ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ne ye sun kar taaj’jub se pucha ke kya woh log mujhe nikal denge? Waraqa bole, Haan ye sab kuch sach hai, magar jo shakhs bhi Aap ki tarah amr e haq le kar aaya log us ke dushman hi hogaye hai. Agar mujhe Aap ki Nabuwat ka woh zamana mila to mai Aap ki puri puri madad karunga. Magar warqa kuch dino ke baad inteqal kar gaye, fir kuch arsaa tak wahi ki aamad mauquf rahi.

Sahih al-Bukhari, 3
Vol. 1, Book 1 , Hadith 3

۝ Hazrat Jabir bin Abdullah Ansari radi allahu anhuma se ye riwayat naqal ki ke Aap ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ne wahi ke ruk jane ke zamane ke halat bayan farmate hue kaha ki ek roz mai chala jaa raha tha ki achank maine aasman ki taraf se ek aawaz suni aur maine apna sar aasman ki taraf uthaya, kya dekhta hu ki wahi farishta jo mere paas Gaar e Hira me aaya tha woh aasman o zamin ke bich me ek kursi par baitha hua hai mai us se dar gaya aur ghar aane par maine fir kambal odhne ki khawahish zahir ki us waqt Allah paak ne ye aayat nazil ki – “Aye lihaaf odh kar letne wale! Uth khada ho aur logo ko azaab e elahi se dara aur apne Rab ki badhaaii bayan kar aur apne kapdo ko paak saaf rakh aur gandgi se door reh. Is ke baad nuzul e wahi me tezi aa gai aur lagataar nazil hone lagi.

Sahih al-Bukhari, 4
Vol. 1, Book 1 , Hadith 4

۝ Saeed bin Zubair ne ibn e Abbas radi allahu anha se kalam e ilahi ‘لا تحرك’ ki tafseer ke silsile me suna ki RasoolAllah ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм nuzul e Quran ke waqt bahut sakhti mehsoos farmaya karte the aur us ki (alaamton) mai se ek ye bhi thi ki yaad karne ke liye Aap apne honton ko hilate the. Ibn e Abbas ne kahaa mai apne hont hilata hu jis taraah aap hont hilate the. Saeed kahte hai mai bhi apne hont hilata hu jaise mai ne ibn e Abbas ko hont hilate dekha. Fir unhone apne hont hilaye, (fir ibn e Abbas ne kahaa) fir ye aayat nazil hui “Aye Muhammad! Qur’an ko jald jald yaad karne ke liye apni zuban na hilaye, is ko jamaa kar dena aur padha dena hamara zimma hai.”
Hazrat ibn e Abbas radi allahu anh kahte hai yani Qur’an Aap ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ke dil me jamaa dena aur padha dena hamara zimma hai, fir jab ham padh chuke to is padhe huye ki itteba karo. Ibn e Abbas farmate hai (is ka matlab ye hai ki) Aap us ko khamoshi ke saath sunte raho. Us ke baad matlab samjha dena hamare zimme hai, fir yaqinan ye hamari zimmedari hai ki Aap is ko padho, chunanche us ke baad jab Aap ke paas Hazrat Jibrail alaihis salam (wahi le kar) aate to Aap (tawajjo se ) sunte jab woh chale jate to RasoolAllah ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм us ko us hi tarah padhte jis taraah Hazrat Jibril alahis salam ne us ko padha tha. 

Sahih al-Bukhari, 5
Vol. 1, Book 1 , Hadith 5.

۝ Hazrat ibn e Abbas radi allahu anh riwayat karte hai ki RasoolAllah ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм sab se zyada sakhi the aur Ramdan me (dusre awqat ke mukable mai jab) Jibril alahis salam RasoolAllah ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм se milte bahut hi sakhawat karte aur Jibrail alaihis salam Ramdan ki har raat me Aap ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм se mulaqat karte aur Aap ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ke saath Qur’an ka dorah karte. Allah ke Rasool sabse zyada sadaqa karne wale the yaha tak ke wo sadaqa karne me tez aandhi se bhi zyada tez raftar the. 

Sahih al-Bukhari, 6
Vol. 1, Book 1 , Hadith 6.

۝ Abdullah bin Abbas se Abu Sufiyan bin Harb ne ye waqya bayan kiya ki Heraclius (badshaah roomi) ne un ke paas Quresh ke qafile mai ek aadmi bulane ko bheja aur us waqt ye log tijarat ke liye mulk e Shaam gaye huye the aur ye woh zamana tha jab RasoolAllah ﷺ ne Quraish aur Abu Sufiyan se ek waqti ahad kiya hua tha. Jab Abu Sufiyan aur dusre log Heraclius ke paas Ilya (Jerusalem) pahuche jaha Heraclius ne darbaar talab kiya tha. Us ke aas paas Roomi ke bade bade log bethe huye the, Heraclius ne unko aur apne tarjuman ko bulaya. Fir unse pucha ke tum mai se kon shaks us shaks ka zyada qaribi aziz hai jo Nubuwat ka dawa kar raha hai? Abu Sufiyan kahte hai ki mai bol utha ki mai uska sab se zyada qaribi rishtedaar hun, (ye sun kar) Heraclius ne hukm diya ke isko (abu sufiyan ko) mere qarib laa kar baithao aur us ke saathiyon ko us ki pith ke piche baitha do, fir apne tarjumaan se kahaa ki un logo se keh do ki mai Abu Sufiyan se us shaks (yani Muhammad ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм Ke) haalat puchta hu, agar ye mujh se kisi baat mai jhoot bol de to tum zahir kar dena. (Abu sufiyan ka qauol hai ki) Khuda ki qasam! Agar mujhe ye ghairat naa aati ke ye log mujh ko jhutlaenge to Mai Aap ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ki nisbat zaroor galat bayani karta.
Pahla sawal jo Heraclius ne mujh se puchi woh yeh ki us shaks ka khandaan tum logo me kaisa hai? Maine kaha: Wo to bade unche aala nasab wala hai.
Usne kaha, Is se pahle bhi kisi ne tum logo me aisi baat kahi thi?
Maine kahaa, Nahi.
Usne kaha, Aacha us ke bado me koi Badsaah hua hai?
Maine kaha, Nahi.
Fir usne kaha, Bade logo ne us ki pairwi ikhteyar ki hai ya kamzoron ne?
Maine kaha, Nahi, Kamzoro ne.
Fir usne kaha, Us ke Tabedaar roz badhte jate hai ya ghat-te jate hai ?
Maine kaha, Badhte.
Usne kaha, Kya koi shaks jo uske Deen me dakhil hota hai wo mayus hota hai aur us Deen ko baad me chor deta hai?
Maine kaha, Nahi.
Usne kaha, Kya apne is dawa e Nubuwat se pahle kabhi usne jhoot bola hai ?
Maine kaha, Nahi.
Usne kaha, Kya wo apne wado ko todta hai?
Maine kaha, Nahi. Hamari usse (sulaah ki) ek muqarrrar muddat thehri hui hai malum nahi woh is me kiya karne wala hai. (Abu Sufiyan kahte hai) Mai is mauke ke siwa aur koi mauka nahi paa saka jisme mai uske khilaf kuch bol saku.
Heraclius ne pucha, Kya Tumhari usse kabhi ladaii (jung) hui hai?
Maine kahaa, Haan. Bola fir Tumhari aur us ki jung ka kya haal hota hai? Maine kaha, Kabhi woh hamse (maidan e jung) jeet lete hai aur kabhi ham un se jeet lete hai.
Heraclius ne pucha, Woh tumhe kis baat ka hukm deta hai?
Maine kaha, Woh kahta hai ki Sirf ek Allah ki ibadat karo, uska kisi ko sharik na banao aur apne Aaba wa ajdaad ki saari baate chhor do. Wo hame namaz padhne, sach bolne, parhez gaari aur ristedaro ke sath sila rahmi karne ka hukm deta hai .
(Ye sab sun kar) Fir Heraclius ne apne tarjumaan se kaha ke Abu Sufiyan se keh do ki maine tumse uska nasab pucha to tumne kahaa ki woh ham me Aala Nasab wala hai aur paigambar Apni Qaum me aala nasab hi bheje jaya karte hai.
Maine tum se pucha ki (dawa e nabuwat ki) ye baat tumhare andar usse pahle kisi aur ne bhi kahi thi, to tumne jawab diya ki nahi. Tab maine (apne dil mai) kaha ki agar ye baat usse pahle kisi ne kahi hoti to mai samjhta ki us sakhs ne bhi usi baat ki taqleed ki hai jo pahle ki jaa chuki hai.
Maine Tumse pucha ki uske bado me koi Badsaah bhi guzra hai toh tumne kahaa, Nahi. Toh maine (dil mai) kaha ki unke Buzurgon mai se koi badsaah hua hoga to kah dunga ki woh sakhs apne aaba wa ajdaad ki badshahat aur un ka mulk (dobara) hasil karna chahta hai.
Aur maine Tumse pucha ki us baat ke kahne (yani peghambari ka dawa karne) se pahle tum ne kabhi uspar Jhut ka ilzaam lagaya hai? Tumne kahaa nahi, toh maine samjh liya ki jo sakhs aadmiyon ke saath jhoot se bache woh Allah ke baare mai kaise jhooti baat kah sakta hai.
Aur Maine tumse pucha ki bade log uski tabedaar hote hai ya kamzor log, toh Tumne kaha kamzoro ne uski itteba ki hai, toh (dar asal) yahi log paigmbaro ke mutb’bain hote hai.
Aur maine tumse pucha ki us ke saathi badh rahe hai ya kam ho rahe hai, Tumne kaha ke badh rahe hai, aur hatta ke sacchi imaan ki kaifiyat yahi hoti hai hatta ki woh kamil ho jata hai.
Aur maine tum se pucha kya koi shakhs us ke Deen se naa-khush ho kar murtad bhi ho jata hai. Tumne kahaa nahi, toh imaan ki khasiyat bhi yahi hoti hai ke iski chashni jab Dil me sama jati hai to fir nikalti nahi.
Aur maine Tum se pucha ki kya woh kabhi wada khilafi karte hai, Tum ne kahaa nahi. Paigambar ka yahi haal hota hai woh ahad ke khilaf warzi nahi karte.
Aur maine Tumse kaha ki woh tum se kis cheez ke liye kahte hai, Tum ne kaha woh hame hukm dete hai ki Allah ki ibadat karo, us ke saath kisi ko sharik naa thairao aur tumhe buton ki parashtish (ibadat) se rokte hai, sach bolne aur parhezgaari ka hukm dete hai, lihaza agar ye baate jo tum kah rahe ho sach hain to anqarib woh is jagaah ka malik ho jayega ki jahan mere ye dono qadam hai. Mujhe malum tha ke woh (Paigambar) aane wala hai magar mujhe ye malum nahi tha ki woh tumhare andar ka hoga. Agar mai janta ki us tak pahuch sakunga to us se milne ke liye har taklif gawara karta agar mai uske paas hota to uske pao dhota. Heraclius ne fir RasoolAllah ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ka woh khat mangwaya jo Aap ne Dihya radi allahu anh ke zariye Hakim e Basra ke paas bheja tha aur us ne woh Heraclius ke paas bhej diya tha.
Fir usko padha to us mai (likha tha ), “Allah ke naam ke saath jo nihayat maherban aur raham karne wala hai, Allah ke bande aur us ke paigambar Muhammad RasoolAllah ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ki taraf se ye khat hai saah room ke liye us sakhs par salam ho jo hidayat ki pairwi kare. Iske baad mai aap ke saamne dawat e Islam pesh karta hu agar aap Islam le aayenge to (din o duniya mai) salamati nasib hogi. Allah aapko dohra sawab dega aur agar aap (meri dawat se) inkar karenge to aap apne Kisano (peasants) ko gumrah karne ke sabab gunahgaar aap hi honge. (Aur mai apko Allah ka kalaam sunata hu)
“Aye ahle kitab! Ek aisi baat par aa jaao jo hamare aur tumhare darmiyan aiksan hai woh ye ki ham Allah ke siwa kisi ki ibadat na kare aur kisi ko uska shareek na tharayen aur na ham mai se koi kisi ko Allah ke siva apna Rab banaye. Fir agar woh ahle kitab (is baat se) muh fer len to (muslmano!) Tum un se keh do ki (tum mano ya na mano) ham Musalman hai.” (3:64).
Abu Sufiyan kahte hai Jab Heraclius ne jo kuch kahna tha kah diya aur khat padh kar farig hua, to us ke ird gird bhut shor o ghul hua. Bohut si awaze uthi aur hame bahar nikal diya gaya. Tab maine apne saathiyon se kaha ki Abu Kabsah ke bete (RasoolAllah ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ) ki mashoriyat to bohut badh gaya hai. (Dekho to) Is se bani Ashraf (Rome) ka Badsaah bhi dar gaya hai. Mujhe us waqt se is baat ka yakeen ho gaya ki Aap ﷺ anqarib galib ho kar rahenge hatta ki Allah ne mujhe musalman kar diya. (Raawi ka bayan hai ki) Ibn An-Natur Ilya ka hakim Heraclius ka musahib aur Shaam ke Nasara ka sardar tha. Ibn An-Natur bayan karte hai ki Heraclius jab Ilya aaya ek din subha ko pareshan utha to us ke darbariyon ne daryaft kiya ki aaj ham aap ki halat badli hui paate hai (kya wajah hai ). Ibn An-Natur ka bayan hai ki Heraclius najumi tha, ilm e Nujum me woh puri maharat rakhta tha usne apne ham nashino ko bataya ki mene aaj raat sitaron par nazar dali to dekha ki khatna karne walo ka badsaah hamare Mulk par galib aa gaya hai, (bhala) is zamane mai kon log khatna karte hai ? Unhone kahaa Yahood ke siwa koi khatna nahi karta. So unki wajah se pareshan na hon. Saltanat me ke tamam shahron mai ye hukm likha bhejen ki wahaa jitne Yahood ho sab qatl kar diye jaye. Woh log in hi baaton mai mashgul the ki Heraclius ke paas ek aadmi laya gaya jise Ghassan ke badshah ne bheja tha. Us ne ke halat bayan kiye jab Heraclius ne (sare halat) sun liye to kaha ki jaa kar dekho woh khatna kiye huye hai ya nahi ? Unhone ise dekha to bataya ki woh khatna kiye hua hai. Heraclius ne jab us saks se Arab ke bare mai pucha to us ne bataya ki woh khatna karte hai tab harkul ne kaha ki ye hi (RasoolAllah ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ) us ummat ke badsaah hai jo paida ho chuke hai fir usne apne ek dost ko Romiya khat likha aur wo bhi ilm e Nujum mai Heraclius ki tarah maahir tha, fir waha se Heraclius Homs chala gaya abhi Hams se nikla nahi tha ki uske dost ka khat (us ke jawab mai) aa gaya us ki rai bhi RasoolAllah ѕαℓℓαℓℓαнυ αℓαyнє ωαѕαℓℓαм ke zahoor ke baare mai Heraclius ke mu’aafik thi ke RasoolAllah ﷺ (waqayi) paigambar hai. Is ke baad Heraclius ne Room ke bade aadmiyon ko apne Homs ke mahal mai talab kiya aur us ke hukm se mahal ke darwaze band kar liye gaye fir woh (apne khaas mahal se ) bahar aaya aur kaha, “Aye Room walon! Kya hidayat aur kamyabi me kuch hissa tumhare liye bhi hai? Agar tum apni saltnat ki bachana chahte ho to fir us Nabi ki bai’at kar lo aur Muslman ho jao.” (Ye sunna tha ki ) fir woh log wehshi ghadon ki tarah darwazo ki traf dodhe (magar) unhe band paya, aakhir jab Heraclius ne unki ye nafrat dekhi aur unke imaan lane se mayus ho gaya to kahne laga ki in logo ko mere paas laao (jab woh do bara aaye) to un se kaha maine jo baat kahi thi us se tumhari Deeni pukhtgi ki aazmaish maqsood thi so woh maine dekh li. Tab (ye sun kar) woh sab ke sab us ke samne sajde me gir pade aur us se khush ho gaye. Aur ye Heraclius ki kahani ka khatam tha. 

Sahih al-Bukhari, 7
Vol. 1, Book 1 , Hadith 7.

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